Professor Peter Dettmar has shared insight into how prevalent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is across the world in an article published in the international journal Annals of Esophagus.
His narrative review, written in collaboration with Katie Boulton, looks at reflux in different countries and regions of the world and reports on the relevant causes associated with GERD.
In addition, it reviews the influence of age, obesity, pregnancy, stress, smoking and alcohol on GERD along with the role of diet and how certain foods and drinks can trigger reflux events.
Highlights of the review include:
- The prevalence of GERD is reported to be higher in western countries compared to eastern countries
- GERD has been linked with older age
- GERD appears to be more prevalent in males
- In many cases GERD causes troublesome symptoms or complications such as acid regurgitation, heartburn and chronic cough
- Certain foods and drinks are associated with the incidence of reflux and studies have shown that consuming large amounts of fatty foods and chocolate cause episodes of reflux
- Drinks involving caffeine and alcohol are also strongly associated with causing reflux
Professor Dettmar says: “Although a far firmer understanding is known today on GERD’s pathology and symptoms, there is still more research that can be done for the development of non-invasive diagnostic tests and novel treatments.
“The more known about gastroesophageal disease and who is at the greatest risk will help to educate people on their lifestyle choices and how to manage their GERD symptoms, improving their quality of life and in turn preventing GERD and GERD related diseases.”
The Annals of Esophagus is an international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal focusing on basic and clinical research in all fields pertaining to the oesophagus, including gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD/ GORD).
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