Peptest: a reflux test

Peptest is an accurate, painless and inexpensive test that tells you conclusively if you have reflux.

Reflux diagnosis typically entails expensive, invasive as well as time-consuming tests, such as 24/48 hour pH monitoring, pH Impedance, Barium Swallow, and Endoscopy.

All not very pleasant for the patient.

But Peptest simply measures the presence of a stomach enzyme called pepsin in a sample of your saliva.

If pepsin is found in the oesophagus, throat, mouth, as well as lungs, it indicates reflux because pepsin is exclusively produced in the stomach.

 
 
 
Peptest 3 tubes

Why we detect and measure pepsin

Pepsin

What is pepsin?

Pepsin, which originates from the Greek word for digestion, is the enzyme responsible for the digestion of protein. More specifically, pepsin, a protease, originates from pepsinogen secreted into gastric juice by chief cells and is exclusively located in the stomach.

Pepsin danger?

Can pepsin be dangerous?

The stomach’s mucous-producing lining protects it from auto-digestion by pepsin. However, if pepsin refluxes into the oesophagus and beyond it can be very damaging as the tissue lining is more sensitive, especially the surface cells of the larynx and airways.

Detect pepsin

Why is it important to detect pepsin?

Clinical measurement of pepsin is important as it can give an objective assessment of the presence of reflux in a patient and help to make a diagnosis. Evidence shows that compared to acid alone pepsin is damaging to the oesophagus and laryngeal tissue.

Taking Peptest in your home

Why diagnosis of Reflux is important

Continuous, untreated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease or laryngopharangeal reflux disease  can lead to a very poor quality of life and may also lead to serious problems, such as damage to the oesophagus, oesophageal cancer and cancer of the larynx.

Receiving reflux treatment without confirming that symptoms are caused by reflux is dangerous.

Taking medication when unnecessary can lead to long-term health problems and might conceal a serious issue.

Many people take anti-reflux medication for months or
years without understanding the serious risks.

Reflux diagnosis

Peptest: your questions answered

How accurate is Peptest?

Peptest demonstrates high accuracy as a diagnostic test, with performance measures validated in several clinical trials, as indicated below:

Sensitivity: 95%
Specificity: 89%
Pepsin detection limit: 16 nanograms per millilitre (16ng/ml)

Sensitivity indicates the proportion of diseased individuals with a positive test result. A highly sensitive test assists in ruling out disease when the result is negative.

Specificity denotes the proportion of non-diseased individuals with a negative test result. With a highly specific test, a positive result strongly suggests the presence of the disease.

Peptest will measure the concentration of pepsin in your saliva to show the severity of reflux as well as to give a benchmark to assess the success or failure of any treatment. The detection limit of 16 ng/ml represents the lowest amount of Pepsin that the test can measure.

Should I take the three sample Peptest or the two sample test?

Studies have shown that taking two samples at the right time and according to the instructions is an extremely accurate diagnostic test. However, collecting three samples will give you a much richer set of results to share with your doctor and additional information on when you are likely to reflux.

The extra sample in the three-test Peptest diagnostic kit assesses your likelihood of refluxing while lying down at night. This information aids healthcare professionals in deciding the most effective treatment and management for your condition.

Read more on why we recommend that you take the three sample Peptest test

Should I stop taking medication such as PPI therapy, antacids, Gaviscon or H2 receptor antagonists prior to taking samples?

We recommend that you stop taking antacids as well as raft-forming/ alginate suspensions such as Gaviscon for 48 hours prior to collecting samples for Peptest analysis.

You do not have to stop PPI or H2 receptor antagonist therapy as Peptest will still detect pepsin in the presence of these if pepsin is being refluxed.

Read advice on which medications will affect your Peptest results.

Should I stop drinking alkaline water before taking Peptest?

Yes. Alkaline water (pH 8.8) has been demonstrated to denature pepsin in in-vitro studies. Although we know of no published data that exists to demonstrate whether or not alkaline water has any impact on reflux symptoms we recommend that alkaline water is avoided for 48 hours prior to taking the samples for Peptest.

Find out more about alkaline water.

How long does it take to get my results?

Once we receive your  saliva samples, it takes around 20 minutes for our technicians to analyse these in the Peptest laboratory.

We will share results with you on the same day as testing your sample – typically this is within 48 hours of a sample arriving at the lab.

What should I do once I get my diagnosis?

Once your saliva samples have been returned to the Peptest labs for analysis you will receive the results report within two days indicating whether each sample is positive or negative. If positive you will be given a reading of the concentration of pepsin in the sample.

You should then discuss the next steps with your healthcare team. The exact treatment pathway you follow will depend on your symptoms, the results of your Peptest® analysis and any other relevant information your healthcare team possess.

Can I have LPR symptoms but not have reflux?

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) symptoms may occur in a patient, and these symptoms may not necessarily be caused by reflux. This is why a negative pepsin result can be as crucial as a positive pepsin result in identifying the reasons behind a patient’s symptoms.

A positive pepsin result indicates that reflux has occurred, and appropriate treatment for the reflux should be administered.

A negative pepsin result in a patient with LPR like symptoms is far more challenging. The symptoms may arise from several factors:

i) Previous reflux events might have damaged the sensitive epithelial cell layer of the throat, vocal cords, and airways.

ii) This damaged area could have facilitated bacterial colonization, leading to inflammation and irritation, potentially requiring treatment with antibiotics or anti-inflammatory medication.

iii) The symptoms could also stem from allergies or food intolerances, necessitating further investigation.

iv) Damage to the delicate epithelial cell lining may have been caused by smoking, alcohol consumption, or the consumption of excessively hot or acidic beverages.

If symptoms persist and reflux is ruled out by a negative Peptest result, one suggestion is for the patient to undergo a course of vocal/throat hygiene. An ENT specialist or a Speech Language Therapist attached to the ENT clinic can provide guidance in this regard.

Read more on why LPR (silent reflux) symptoms may not be reflux.

Is Peptest available on the NHS?

Yes, Peptest is available in a number of hospitals across the UK. We’re working hard on making Peptest more widely available in the NHS.

We are also work closely with medical company BiohitUK, our UK distributor, to raise awareness of our reflux diagnostic service.

We would be happy to put you in touch with a UK consultant that is currently using Peptest. If you would like to email us on info@peptest.co.uk, our team will be ready to help.

Do you deliver to international addresses?

Peptest is available to most international countries.

If you live outside the UK, we will send your kit using FedEx international priority. We also send you a FedEx return pack with pre-printed airway bill so that your return will be just as quick.

If you live in the US, please visit www.pepsincheck.com to place your order.

If you live in Australia or New Zealand please visit peptest.co.nz

Peptest for medical professionals

 

Peptest™ is a single use in-vitro diagnostic device not for ingestion. It conforms to the European Directive 98/79/EC on in-vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices; this is shown by the CE mark of conformity.

Peptest™ kits are manufactured in the UK by RDBiomed Limited - a private limited company registered in England and Wales with number 06979218.

RDBiomed Limited
Daisy Building (2nd Floor)
Castle Hill Hospital
Castle Road
Cottingham
HU16 5JQ, UK

VAT Number: GB 990 1918 96

 

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